Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Archive for the ‘Latin Mass’ Category

The Venerable Bede (Image: Wikimedia Commons)

The Fathers of the Church are particularly adept at “unpacking” the allegorical meaning of Sacred Scripture. The great Father and Doctor of the Church, St. Bede the Venerable, proves no exception as he reveals the meaning of today’s Gospel.

St. Bede tells us the ten lepers represent those “having no true knowledge of faith” who “profess a variety of heretical teachings.” These people do not hide their ignorance, but loudly proclaim it as the height of knowledge, even taking pride in what they say. Since even false doctrine contains an element of truth, St. Bede says this disordered mixing of truth and falsehoods “resemble the leprosy that spots and blemished the human body with patches of true and false colour.” We are warned that such people must be excluded from the Church and placed far off so that they might change their ways and loudly cry out to Jesus.

For those who do wish to be saved, will cry out to the Lord and will humble themselves to call Him their Master. It is in this acknowledgement of their estrangement and a return to the true teachings of Jesus that they find healing.

Of those healed by Jesus, it is only the lepers, notes St. Bede, whom Jesus directs to show themselves to the priests. This is because the Jewish priesthood prefigured the Royal Priesthood of Christ, which is the Church, His mystical Body. If those who are “discolored” with the stain of false teaching are to find salvation, they must renounce their false beliefs and return home to their Lord and His House, the Church.

As for the one healed man who returns, St. Bede says, “This one who went back giving glory to God is a figure of the one Church, in devout humility before Christ. He falling down before the feet of the Lord, gives fitting thanks. For he truly gives thanks to God who repressing the thoughts of his own presumption, is humbly aware of how weak he is in himself; he who attributes no virtue to himself; who confesses that the good he does, is due to the mercy of his Creator.”

We should note as well that we’re told the elect fall on their faces, while the wicked fall backwards. “The wicked therefore, since they do not see into what they are falling, are said to fall backwards, for they rush headlong where they cannot now see what will then happen to them. But the just fall as it were upon their faces; for moved by fear, they humble themselves: of their own will they throw themselves down amid things visible, that they may be raised up amid things visible.”

The number ten holds significance as well. It is a number which signifies unity. One joined to nine represents a unity. Thus, the nine need the one to become the unity of ten. However, the one does not need the nine since one is a unity in itself. “For this reason as the one who gave thanks is approved and praised as a sign of the One Church, so the nine who did not give thanks, now rejected, are shut out from the communion of oneness. And so shall others like them remain imperfect in the number of the nine. And rightly does the Saviour ask where are they; as though He knew them not. For, with God, to know is to choose; not to know, is to reject.”

St. Bede says, “As to the body, it is easy to see that a man may have no leprosy; and yet he may not be of sound of soul. But in the light of this miracle, it troubles the mind to know how one who is thankless can be said to be made clean? But it is now easy to see, that this also can happen that someone within the society of the Church may know her true and pure doctrine, and may interpret it all in accord with the Catholic rule of faith; he may distinguish the creature from the Creator, and by this show that he is free as it were from leprosy, from the spots of lies, and nevertheless by ungrateful to God and Lord Who made him clean, because uplifted in pride, he has not thrown himself down in loving humility to give thanks, and so has become like those of whom the Apostle said: When they knew God, they have not glorified Hum as God or given thanks (Rom i. 21). Saying, they knew God, Paul shows that they have been made clean of leprosy; yet he goes on to call them ungrateful.”

Thus, we find he who humbles himself at the feet of the Lord, professing his own unworthiness, is told to rise and be on his way, comforted by the Word of God to grow in his perfection. He is saved not through his accord, but by the grace he receives from God through his faith: “For if faith made him whole who had hurried back to give thanks to his Saviour and to the One Who had made him clean, unfaith has brought spiritual ruin to those who, receiving favours from God, fail to return and give Him glory.”

Our faith must not only grown through humility, but we must also undertake the works of faith which follow, “which makes whole those who believe, and give glory to the Father Who is in heaven. Amen.”

+JMJ

Source: M. F. Toal (ed). The Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers, Volume 4. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2000.

Read Full Post »

Jesus and the Ten Lepers (Image: Wikimedia Commons)

From the Roman Catholic Daily Missal, 1962:

The Liturgy shows us that by faith we put all out hope in Jesus, for He is our refuge; and we ask for the virtue of charity, which renders us lovers of the Divine Law, and practitioners of it. Let us pray for an increase of faith, hope, and charity.

Collect

Omnipotens sempitérne Deus, da nobis fidei, spei, et caritátis augméntum: et, ut mereámur ássequi quod promittis, fac nos amáre quod praécipis. Per Dóminum nostrum.

Almighty and everlasting God, give to us an increase of Faith, Hope, and Charity: and that we may deserve to obtain what Thou dost promise, make us love what Thou dost command. Through our Lord.

Epistle (Gal. 3:16-22)

The Apostle of the Gentiles shows that the Mosaic Law is not the law which gives holiness of souls, since, before the Law, Abraham, father of the Hebrews, was sanctified in his faith in Jesus. All Jews or pagans, therefore, who enter into the Church and put their faith in the merits of the Passion of Christ will be saved.

Brethren: To Abraham were the promises made and to his seed. He saith not: And to his seeds, as of many: but as of one: And to thy seed, which is Christ. Now this I say, that the testament which was confirmed by God, the law which was made after four hundred and thirty years, doth not disannul, to make the promise of no effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise. But God gave it to Abraham by promise. Why then was the law? It was set because of transgressions, until the seed should come, to whom he made the promise, being ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not of one: but God is one. Was the law then against the promises of God? God forbid. For if there had been a law given which could give life, verily justice should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by the faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

Gospel (Lk. 17:11-19)

Our Divine Redeemer heals ten lepers, both Jews and Samaritans, who have recourse to Him. “Arise, they faith hath made thee whole.” Through His Church our Lord gives back health to the souls, Jews and Gentiles, who have recourse to Him.

At that time, as Jesus was going to Jerusalem, He passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. And as He entered into a certain town, there met Him ten men that were lepers, who stood afar off, and lifted up their voice, saying: “Jesus, master, have mercy on us.” Whom when He saw, He said: “Go, show yourselves to the priests.” And it came to pass, as they went, they were made clean. And one of them, when he saw that he was made clean, went back, with a loud voice glorifying God. And he fell on his face before His feet, giving thanks: and this was a Samaritan. And Jesus answering, said, “Were not ten made clean? And where are the nine? There is no one found to return and give glory to God, but this stranger.” And He said to him: “Arise, go thy way; for thy faith hath made thee whole.”

Read Full Post »

Parable of the Good Samaritan

In the Parable of the Good Samaritan, our Lord teaches us points critical to our salvation. First, we see clearly we are called to love our God with all our heart, all our soul, all our strength, and with all our mind. Further, we are to love our neighbor as our self. Jesus then goes on, in the Parable itself, to clearly define our neighbor: he is, quite simply, every other human being, known or unknown, friend or foe. Our fellow man is our neighbor and we are called to love him. Yet, what does “love him” mean?

We would do well to read this Parable carefully since our Lord makes some salient points regarding how we express our love for our fellow man. Clearly, we do not simply pass by like the priest and the Levite. Instead, we must act like the Good Samaritan. But what does he do? Does he see someone in need and call the government to demand they “do something?” Does he bemoan the fact there’s not a social program to “take care of” the injured man? Does he simply summon the “authorities” so they can “do something?” Does he go find others, and either through bribe or coercion, demand they “do something?” No!

The Good Samaritan shows us the way through his direct action in caring for his fellow man. Keep in mind, at the time Jesus spoke this story, Jews and Samaritans were enemies and did not associate with each other. Jesus teaches that despite this rivalry, the Good Samaritan himself comes to the aid of his fellow man. He does not push off that responsibility onto someone else or onto some sort of government social program.

Not only does the Good Samaritan reach out himself to aid his fellow man, at the Inn he reaches into his own pocket to pay for the injured man’s stay. He doesn’t demand the “rich” Inn Keeper pay out of his pocket for the injured man, nor demand the government pay for support of the injured man. No! Once again, we see our example: We, our selves, with our own time, talent, and treasure are called to care for our fellow man. Our Lord clearly expects us to jump in and “get our hands dirty,” not sit on the sidelines and wait for someone else to “do something.”

Reach out in love to your fellow man no matter where you might find him.

+JMJ

Read Full Post »

Capharnaum Synagogue

From the Roman Catholic Daily Missal, 1962:

The Liturgy today alludes to the ordinations of Ember Saturday.  Christ is our Savior, and the Priests of the Church are made rich in Him.  The Church is blessed abundantly in and through our Lord Jesus Christ

Collect

Dirigat corda nostra, quaesumus, Domine, tuae miserationis operatio: quia tibi sine te placer non possumus.  Per Dominum nostrum.

Let the exercise of Thy compassion, we beseech Thee, O Lord, direct our hearts: for without Thee we are not able to please Thee.  Through our Lord.

Epistle (1 Cor. 1:4-8)

The Priests have been “blessed in Christ our Lord with all manner of riches, both of utterance and knowledge.”  Let us give thanks to God.

Brethren, I give thanks to my God always for you, for the grace of God that is given you in Jesus Christ, that in all things you are made rich for Him in all utterance and in all knowledge, as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you; so that nothing is wanting to you in any grace, waiting for the manifestation of our Lord Jesus Christ.  Who also will confirm you unto the end without crime, in the day of the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Gospel (Mt. 9:1-8)

Healing of the man sick of the palsy at Capharnaum.  The Priests have received the power to heal souls, to pardon sinners.

At that time, Jesus entering into a boat, passed over the water and came into His own city.  And behold they brought Him one sick of the palsy lying in a bed; and Jesus seeing their faith, said to the man sick of the palsy: Be of good heart, son, thy sins are forgiven thee.  And behold some of the scribes said within themselves: He blasphemeth.  And Jesus seeing their thoughts, said: Why do you think evil in your hearts?  Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins are forgiven thee, or to say: Arise and walk?  But that you may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins (then said He to the man sick of palsy): Arise, take up thy bed, and go into thy house.  And he arose, and went into his house.  And the multitude seeing it feared, and glorified God Who had given such power to men.

Read Full Post »

From the Roman Catholic Daily Missal, 1962:

The Liturgy reminds us today of the great commandment of charity towards God and our neighbor. ‘The precept is twofold,’ declares St. Augustine, ‘but charity is one.’ We love God above all and our neighbor for His sake.

Collect

As, quaesumus, Domine, populo tuo diabolica vitare contagia: et te solum Deum pura mente sectari.  Per Dominum nostrum.

Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that Thy people may shun all the wiles of the devil: and with pure mind follow Thee, the only God.  Through our Lord.

Epistle (Eph. 4:1-6)

The unity of our faith, like the unity of the Persons of the Most Holy Trinity, imposes on us the duty of being united in the bonds of charity.

Brethren: I, a prisoner in the Lord, beseech you that you walk worthy of the vocation in which you are called.  With all humility and mildness, with patience, supporting one another in charity, careful to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.  One body and one Spirit; as you are called in one hope of your calling.  One Lord, one faith, one baptism.  One God and Father of all, Who is above all, and through all, and in us all; Who is blessed for ever and ever.  Amen.

Gospel (Mt. 22:34-46)

Precepts of charity towards God and towards our neighbor, given by our Lord Jesus Christ.

At that time, the Pharisees came to Jesus, and one of them, a doctor of the law, asked Him, tempting Him: Master, which is the greatest commandment in the law?  Jesus said to him: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind.  This is the greatest and the first commandment.  And the second is like to this: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.  On these two commandments dependeth the whole law and the Prophets.  And the Pharisees being gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying: What think you of Christ?  Whose son is He?  They say to Him: David’s.  He saith to them: How then doth David in spirit call Him Lord, saying: The Lord said to my Lord: Sit on My right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool?  If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son?  And no man was able to answer Him a word; neither durst any man from that day forth ask Him any more questions.

Read Full Post »

Holy Trinity

Feast of the Most Holy Trinity

From the Roman Catholic Daily Missal, 1962:

“Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.  As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end.  Amen.”

As soon as we have celebrated the Advent of the Holy Ghost, we celebrate the Feast of the Holy Trinity in the office of the following Sunday.

The time is well chosen, for, immediately after the descent of this Divine Spirit, began the preaching and belief and Baptism and confession in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. (St. Rupert)

Epistle (Rom. 11:33-36)

The fundamental dogma of our Faith is that of the Holy Trinity.

O the depth of the riches of the wisdom and of the knowledge of God! How incomprehensible are His judgments, and how unsearchable His ways!  For who hath known the mind of the Lord? Or who hath been His counsellor?  Or who hath first given to Him, and recompense shall be made Him?  For of Him, and by Him, and in Him, are all things: to Him be glory for ever. Amen

Gospel (Mt. 28:18-20)

In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost that Christians are baptized.  Mission of the Apostles.

At that time Jesus said to His disciples: All power is given to Me in heaven and in earth.  Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.  Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.

Read Full Post »

Our Lady of Lourdes

Sunday, February 7 – Sexagesima Sunday (Traditional)/5th Sunday in Ordinary Time (New)

St. Romuald (1027), Abbot, Founder of the Camaldolese Order (Traditional)

St. Richard of Lucca (722), King, Father of Sts. Walburga, Willibald and Winnebald (Historical)

Monday, February 8

St. Jerome Emiliani (1537), Priest, Founder, Patron of Orphans & Abandoned Children (New)

St. Josephine Bakhita (1947), Virgin, Religious (New)

St. John of Matha (1213), Priest, Founder of the Trinitarians (Traditional)

Tuesday, February 9

St. Cyril of Alexandria (444), Bishop, Doctor of the Church (Traditional)

St. Apollonia (249), Virgin, Martyr, Patroness of Dentists (Traditional)

St. Nicephorus (260), Martyr (Historical)

Wednesday, February 10

St. Scholastica (543), Virgin, Religious, Founder, Twin of St. Benedict, Patron of Convulsive Children (Traditional, New)

Thursday, February 11

Our Lady of Lourdes (1858) (Traditional, New)

St. Saturninus, (304), Priest and Companion, Martyr (Historical)

Friday, February 12

Seven Holy Founders of the Order of Servites (1233) (Traditional)

St. Eulalia (304), Virgin, Martyr (Historical)

Saturday, February 13

St. Catherine de Ricci (1589), Virgin, Florentine Dominican & Visionary (Historical)

St. Polyeucte (259), Roman Officer (Historical)

Read Full Post »

« Newer Posts - Older Posts »

%d bloggers like this: